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10 Long Term Effects of Type 2 Diabetes and How to Prevent Them!


Type 2 diabetes is a condition which can affect a person’s health both mentally and physically. There are certain long term health issues which a person can experience if they have type 2 diabetes. In order to prevent such conditions, you must take care of your health on a regular basis while also making sure that you do not deteriorate any existing illness.

Type 2 diabetes is extremely common in the United States and millions of people are leading a healthy live even with the condition. Diabetes is dangerous because of its long term effects and most diabetes patients develop other (many) health related complications and suffer for life.

Here are 10 Long Term Effects of Type 2 Diabetes and How to Prevent Them:

High Blood pressure

People who suffer from type 2 diabetes can have issues with increasing blood pressure. If this isn’t treated properly, then you may expose yourself to several life-threatening conditions like heart attack, stroke, kidney disease and vision problems.

Controlling high blood pressure is important and you should make sure that you start monitoring it from time to time. You should cut down sodium from your diet, exercise regularly and also practice stress reduction exercises.

Heart Disease

If you don’t control your blood pressure over a period of time, then you may get heart diseases. This happens because the arteries get damaged due to increase in blood pressure, which is a direct cause of diabetes.

You should manage your blood pressure and also take care of your body’s cholesterol levels. You should also maintain your weight and avoid smoking if you’re a smoker. Eating a healthy diet on a regular basis can also help you in many ways.


If blood starts clotting and ends up blocking your blood vessels, you might end up with a stroke. According to several studies, people with diabetes are more likely to have a stroke than people without it.

Preventing such an event is actually easier than it may sound. It involves managing your blood pressure, cholesterol and weight. You must also quit smoking entirely.

Problems with Vision

Diabetes brings a lot of diseases along with it and your chances of having a serious eye condition also increases. Diabetes causes damage to the tiny blood vessels in your eyes which can lead to a much serious issue like glaucoma.

You may also lose your vision entirely. You must be aware of your eye condition at all times and make regular appointments with a good eye doctor. If you work on a computer or your eyes are strained most of the time, you can consider consulting an ophthalmologist to get eye solutions that will help clear and cool down your eyes.

Nerve damage

Diabetes can increase your blood pressure over a period of time and this may result in nerve damage. Nerves are an essential part of the human body system and even if a slight amount of damage is caused to one or two nerves, then your health can be at great risk. Taking care of your blood pressure levels along with blood sugar levels is a key practice in this case.

If you notice any pain in nerves in any part of the body, it is recommended that you consult a doctor and undergo a complete diabetes screening. If nerve damage is persisting for long time, you might require surgery.

Kidney problems

The kidney filters the waste from your body and makes your body free of harmful waste. If your blood sugar levels are not kept under the check, then it can spoil the filtering ability of your kidneys. You must have a urine test once every year to check for protein in your urine. If protein is found, then it indicates that your kidney is affected.

Also, drink plenty of water throughout the day so that toxins in the body are always flushed out. Kidney damage can be dangerous and expensive to get treatment for, so it is better to prevent kidney issues rather than get treatment later.


It is still unclear how diabetic patients are more prone to depression than others, but several studies have found this case to be true. If you are a diabetic patient and you are starting to feel helpless and lonely, you must talk to a psychologist. Improved mental health can also help you to deal with the issues of diabetes slightly better.

Most people become depressed after getting diagnosed with diabetes because they think about the long term health effects. However, modern medicines can still help a diabetic person lead a healthy life for a long time with minor compromises.

Tooth Decay

In several conditions where patients don’t take care of their diabetes, it has been seen that certain blood vessels get affected or damaged. This includes the blood vessels which helps to nourish your teeth and gums. This eventually puts you at risk of having tooth decay or gum infection.

To make sure you don’t face such an issue, make sure that you brush your teeth regularly and properly. Also, make appointments with dentists and keep your dental health under the check.

Damaged digestive system

If your blood sugar levels stay higher than normal for a significant amount of time, then it can damage your vagus nerve. Vagus is responsible for the proper movement of food through your digestive system. This condition is also referred to as Gastroparesis. To avoid this condition, you must have high-fiber food and also make sure that your blood glucose levels are under check.


After prolonged research on this subject, professionals have found out a link between type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease, which also referred to as the most common type of dementia. Too much sugar in your blood for a long time can affect your brain directly. Managing your blood sugar levels, hence is really important.


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