Pre-diabetes is the term given for the stage or health condition of a person when his blood sugar level is higher than what generally a healthy person is supposed to have yet it is not high enough to qualify for diabetes. As the name suggests, it is a stage preceding diabetes. This is a very crucial stage as without proper measures, diet control or exercise it can progress to Type 2 diabetes in the future.
As per the American Diabetes Association, doctors can diagnose prediabetes when diabetes tests show these results:
fasting blood sugar levels of 100–125 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl)
glucose tolerance levels of 140–199 mg/dl
an A1C test result of 5.7–6.4 percent
Here are 7 symptoms of pre-diabetes:
Getting Hungry or Thirsty Frequently
The extra sugar in the blood soaks up a large part of the body’s water content. This dehydrates the body in a short amount of time and makes the person feel thirsty more often. The food we eat is converted to glucose in the body and then to energy. In pre-diabetes, the body is unable to convert glucose to energy in cells. Lack of energy makes people feel hungry.
Just because you are hungry does you make you prediabetic. You need to undergo a thorough medical check up and get the results checked by a qualified medical practitioner before you confirm the condition.
Recurring Need to Urinate
As mentioned above, the higher water intake caused by the dehydrating property of high sugar level leads to regular urination. This is the body’s way of eliminating the excess sugar from the body. The kidney flushes it out with the high intake of water.
If you have noticed that you developed this habit of late, it is well-advisable to undergo a complete diabetes check-up to ensure that you do not have prediabetes.
High sugar level does not allow the body cells to absorb the glucose for conversion to energy. This lack of energy leads to tiredness of the body. Even a little physical activity can make people feel exhausted.
This is especially true if you do not undergo lot of physical activities and still you find that you are tired. If you feel tired all the time, ensure that you get yourself checked with a full-body checkup.
There are two reasons for this symptom. One, the excess sugar causes the lens of the eyes to bloat. Two, the sugar negatively affects the small blood vessels in and around the eyes. This blurriness can be temporary or permanent. It is important to keep sugar level in check for this reason.
Eyesight is one of the first things that affect the body when you have diabetes. Therefore with prediabetes, eyes will also get affected and you should get your eyes check thoroughly.
Dark Patches on the Body
Acanthosis nigricans is a skin color disorder in which there are patches of darker areas in the folds of skin. These dark areas may appear in elbows, neck, lips, armpits, groin or knuckles. This occurs due to the accumulation of insulin in the body as glucose is not properly soaked into the bloodstream. This insulin produces rapid and darker skin cells in folded areas.
Tingling or Numb Feeling in Hands or Feet
High level of sugar causes problems in the flow of blood in the body. Apart from that, there is a risk of nerve damage due it which is also known as diabetic neuropathy. It can cause numbness or a tingling feeling mostly starting from the fingers and toes.
If you notice such signs, go for short walks and help the blood circulate within the body and especially feet. If after such exercises also you face such issues, please undergo a complete diabetic screening.
Larger Recovery Time for Injuries
Disrupted blood flow and nerve damage leads to a large time requirement for injuries to heal. This prolonged healing also increases the risk of infection.
As you would know, diabetes is a condition that also brings about lot of side-effects that can make you suffer. One of them is prolonged healing of wounds that can make you extremely susceptible to getting infections from wounds.